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Associated Orthopedists of Detroit, PC.

Sports Medicine


Sports injuries occur when playing indoor or outdoor sports or while exercising. Injuries can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations.

The most common treatment recommended for injury is rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE).
  • REST: Avoid activities that may cause injury
  • ICE: Ice packs can be applied to the injured area, which will help diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin.
  • COMPRESSION: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this.
  • ELEVATION: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.
There are many simple steps you can take to prevent inconvenient and often painful sports-related injuries. Some of those measures include:
  • Follow an exercise program to strengthen the muscles
  • Gradually increase your exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise
  • Ensure that you wear properly fitted protective gear such as elbow guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouth guards, pads, comfortable and appropriate clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports activity. This will help to reduce the chances of injury
  • Make sure that you follow warm-up and cool-down exercises before and after sports activity. Exercises will help to stretch the muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries
  • Avoid exercising immediately after eating a large meal
  • Maintain a healthy diet which will nourish the muscles
  • Avoid playing when you are injured or tired. Take a break for some time after playing
  • Learn all the rules of the game you are participating in
  • Ensure that you are physically fit to play the sport
Some of the most common sports injuries include:

Foot and Ankle Injuries: Injuries in the leg below the knee are common while playing sports such as football, hockey, and skating. Treatment for some of these conditions may be orthotics, braces, physical therapy, injections or surgery.

Shoulder Injuries: Severe pain in shoulders while playing your favorite sports such as tennis, basketball, and gymnastics may be because of a torn ligament or shoulder dislocation. These may be caused by overuse of the shoulder while playing sports. Simple pain or acute injuries may be treated with conservative treatment, while chronic injuries may require surgical treatment.

Hip Injuries: Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear, and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. The hip joint bears more weight and is more susceptible for injuries while playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate medical intervention to avoid further complications. Rehabilitation programs and physical therapy are often recommended following the medical intervention where you need to perform certain exercises to strengthen the muscles and improve the muscles.


Click on the links below to find out more from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons AAOS website.

Knee Injuries
Common Knee Injuries
Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain
Arthritis of the Knee
   Viscosupplementation Treatment for Arthritis
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Bursitis of the Knee
Knee Arthroscopy
   Knee Arthroscopy Exercise Guide
Knee Ligament Injuries
   Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
       ACL Injury: Should it be fixed?
   Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
   Meniscal Tears
Kneecap (Prepatellar) Bursitis
Meniscal Tear
Meniscal Transplants
Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osteonecrosis of the Knee
Runner's Knee (Patellofemoral Pain)
The Knee
   Additional Resources on the Knee
Knee Replacement
   Knee Replacement Implants
   Total Knee Replacement
       Total Knee Replacement Exercise Guide
   Cemented and Cementless Knee Replacement
   Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement
   Activities After a Knee Replacement
Unstable Kneecap

Shoulder Injuries
Shoulder Pain and Common Shoulder Problems
Arthritis of the Shoulder
Biceps Tendon Tear at the Shoulder
Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow
Chronic Shoulder Instability
Frozen Shoulder
Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement
Rotator Cuff Tears
   Rotator Cuff Tears: Surgical Treatment Options
Shoulder Arthroscopy
Shoulder Impingement/Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear)
Shoulder Separation
Shoulder Surgery
Shoulder Trauma (Fractures and Dislocations)
SLAP Tears
Tendonitis of the Long Head of the Biceps

Sports Medicine Topics
Exercises for Young Athletes
Heat Injury and Heat Exhaustion
Muscle Contusion (Bruise)
Muscle Cramp
Prevent Golf Injuries
Prevent Inline Skating Injuries
Prevent Scooter-Related Injuries
Return to Play
Shin Splints
Skateboarding Safety
Sports Nutrition
Sprains and Strains
Stress Fractures
Women and ACL Injuries

Doctors Specializing in Sports Medicine
Shariff K. Bishai, D.O., M.S., FAOAO